FEATURESThe Effect of Aromatherapy on Fatigue and Anxiety in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis Treatment A Randomized Controlled StudyKaradag, Ezgi PhD, RN; Samancioglu Baglama, Sevgin PhD, RNAuthor Information Faculty of Nursing, Dokuz Eylul University, Inciralti, Izmir, Turkey (Dr Karadag); and Health Science Faculty, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey (Dr Baglama). Correspondence: Ezgi Karadag, PhD, RN, Department of Oncology Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Dokuz Eylul University, 35340 Inciralti/Izmir, Turkey ([email protected]). The authors thank all of the patients who willingly contributed to this research. Also, they thank the nurses of the hemodialysis wards who cooperated with them in conducting the study.The authors have no conflict of interest to declare. Holistic Nursing Practice: July/August 2019 - Volume 33 - Issue 4 - p 222-229 doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000334 Buy Metrics Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the application of lavender oil on fatigue and anxiety levels in patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment. This randomized controlled study was conducted with 60 patients (30 patients in intervention group, 30 patients in control group) in a province located in southeastern Turkey. After the patients in both groups were informed about the study, a questionnaire, the Fatigue Severity Scale, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory were applied to the patients. In the intervention group, a statistically significant difference was found between pretest and posttest scores of the Fatigue Severity Scale (t = 7.177, P = .001) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (t = 10.371, P = .001). Mean scores of fatigue and anxiety decreased significantly following aromatherapy and also fatigue and anxiety levels declined. Lavender aromatherapy can be applied as an effective nursing intervention to reduce fatigue and anxiety of patients with chronic renal failure and undergoing hemodialysis treatment. © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.