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Ubuntu—the Essence of Caring and Being

A Concept Analysis

Nolte, Anna, PhD; Downing, Charlene, PhD

doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000302

What is the South-African concept of caring? In Africa, the principle of Ubuntu introduces the concept of belonging and caring. The purpose of this concept analysis was thus to analyze the concept of Ubuntu. The 8 steps of a concept analysis by Walker and Avant were used.

Department of Nursing, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.

Correspondence: Anna Nolte, PhD, Department of Nursing, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa (

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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