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The Effect of Aromatherapy on Sleep Quality of Elderly People Residing in a Nursing Home

Faydalı, Saide, PhD; Çetinkaya, Funda, PhD

doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000244

Background: Sleep is important for health and quality of life in the elderly, and sleep disturbances are reported to be associated with many of the adverse medical conditions.

Purpose: This research was carried out to evaluate the effect of inhalation of lavender oil on sleep quality of nursing home residents.

Methods: A questionnaire was used to evaluate sociodemographic characteristics and sleeping properties of the 30 volunteers, enrolled. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was applied as a pre- and posttest to measure sleep quality of individuals who inhaled lavender oil drops on the pillows every evening for a week before sleeping.

Results: Before and after aromatherapy, the mean Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score of the nursing home residents was

= 6.0 ± 5.1 and

= 2.6 ± 3.4, respectively, whereas statistically significant difference was not observed for independent variables. Cronbach α reliability coefficient of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scale was found to be 0.816.

Conclusions/Implications for Practice: The results indicated an improvement of sleep quality of nursing home residents after the application of aromatherapy with lavender oil.

Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Science, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey (Dr Faydalı); and Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Science, Aksaray University, Aksaray, Turkey (Dr Çetinkaya).

Correspondence: Funda Çetinkaya, PhD, Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Science, Aksaray University, Adana Yolu Üzeri E-90 Karayolu 7 Km, 68100 Merkez/Aksaray, Turkey (

The authors thank Süleyman Demirel University faculty member Nimet Kara, who was very kind in sharing her knowledge and providing support on the types of lavender and their contents during their study.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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