FEATURESMusic Intervention With Reminiscence Therapy and Reality Orientation for Elderly People With Alzheimer Disease Living in a Nursing Home A Pilot StudyOnieva-Zafra, María Dolores PhD; Hernández-Garcia, Laura RN; Gonzalez-del-Valle, María Teresa RN; Parra-Fernández, María Laura RN; Fernandez-Martinez, Elia RNAuthor Information Faculty of Nursing Ciudad Real, University of Castilla-La-Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain (Dr Onieva-Zafra and Mss Parra-Fernández and Fernandez-Martinez); Department of Nursing and Physical Therapy, University of Almeria (UAL), Almeria, Spain (Ms Hernández-Garcia); and Poniente Hospital in El Ejido, Almeria, Spain (Ms Gonzalez-del-Valle). Correspondence: María Dolores Onieva-Zafra, PhD, Facultad de Enfermería de Ciudad Real, Avenida Camilo José Cela s/n, Facultad de Castilla la Mancha 13004, Ciudad Real, Spain (email@example.com). All authors certify that they have no commercial/financial associations or conflicts of interest. Holistic Nursing Practice: January/February 2018 - Volume 32 - Issue 1 - p 43-50 doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000247 Buy Metrics Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an 8-week nursing intervention consisting of 2 weekly sessions of music and reminiscence therapy together with the application of reality orientation techniques. Our expectation at the onset of the study was that listening to music that was familiar and connected with the memory of past events would, due to the music's emotional impact, stimulate memory associations, leading, in turn, to a positive effect on depression and anxiety in people living with dementia. We carried out a pre-/posttest intervention design with a sample of 19 patients divided into 2 groups—a 10-patient control group and a 9-patient intervention group—in a nursing home in Spain. Goldberg tests for depression and anxiety have been assessed at baseline and postintervention in both groups. Our results confirm the valuable effect of music therapy and reminiscence therapy together with reality orientation techniques on depression in patients with mild Alzheimer disease. Our study may constitute an important starting point for further research on nursing interventions based on the provision of music and/or reminiscence therapy together with reality orientation techniques that is implemented on a daily basis in nursing homes. © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.