FEATURESEffects of Reiki on Pain and Vital Signs When Applied to the Incision Area of the Body After Cesarean Section Surgery A Single-Blinded, Randomized, Double-Controlled StudySagkal Midilli, Tulay PhD, RN; Ciray Gunduzoglu, Nazmiye PhD, RNAuthor Information Department of Fundamentals Nursing, Health School of Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey (Dr Sagkal Midilli); and Department in Internal Diseases Nursing, Nursing Faculty of Ege University, Izmir, Turkey (Dr Ciray Gunduzoglu). Correspondence: Tulay Sagkal Midilli, PhD, RN, Department of Fundamentals Nursing, Health School of Celal Bayar University, 45000 Manisa, Turkey ([email protected], [email protected]). This article has been presented as an oral presentation in Tamamlayıcı ve Alternatif Tıp Uygulamaları Kongresi, May 24 to 26, 2014, in Manisa, Turkey.This study was funded by Ege University Scientific Research Project-12-OSYO-003 in Izmir, Turkey.The authors extend their sincere thanks to all people who participated so willingly in this study.One of the researchers, an expert Reiki practitioner, who obtained certificates of Usui Reiki in 2002, provided Reiki therapy in this study. The other researcher is not an expert Reiki practitioner. This study was supported by a grant from the research foundation.The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest. The authors have stated that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Holistic Nursing Practice: November/December 2016 - Volume 30 - Issue 6 - p 368-378 doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000172 Buy Metrics Abstract This study was conducted to determine the effects of Reiki on pain and vital signs when applied for 15 minutes to the incision area of the body after cesarean section surgery. The study was single-blinded, randomized, and double-controlled (Reiki, sham Reiki, and control groups). Forty-five patients, equalized by age and number of births, were randomly assigned to the Reiki, sham Reiki, and control groups. The treatment, which was applied to the patients in these 3 groups, was applied for 15 minutes to the incision area of body in the first 24 and 48 hours after the operation within 4 to 8 hours of the application of standard analgesics. The study data were collected using a patient follow-up form and a visual analog scale. Mean visual analog scale measurement values were significantly different from each other according to groups and times (P < .05). A reduction in pain of 76.06% was determined in the Reiki group patients between day 1 pre-tx and after application on the second day (day 2 post-tx) measurements. Mean breathing rate and systolic blood pressure measurement values were significantly different from each other according to groups (P < .05). The Reiki group was observed to use fewer analgesics throughout the study and to need them after a longer time than the sham Reiki and control groups (P < .05). It was concluded that Reiki applied for 15 minutes to the incision area after a cesarean operation had the expected effects on pain and the need for the use of analgesics, but it had no effect on vital signs. © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.