Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Assessment of Sleep Quality and Effects of Relaxation Exercise on Sleep Quality in Patients Hospitalized in Internal Medicine Services in a University Hospital: The Effect of Relaxation Exercises in Patients Hospitalized

Alparslan, Güler Balci PhD; Orsal, Özlem PhD; Unsal, Alaettin PhD

doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000147

This study aims to assess sleep quality and determine the effects of relaxation exercise on sleep quality in patients hospitalized in internal medicine services. In total, 47 patients comprised the control group and did not engage in the exercise intervention—the progressive muscle relaxation exercise, whereas 235 patients were assigned to the intervention group (N = 282). In this study, Description Questionnaire Form and the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used. Most patients (73.8%) had poor sleep quality. The mean pre- and postexercise PSQI scores of the patients in the interventional group were 8.7 ± 4.0 and 6.1 ± 3.3, respectively. The mean pre- and postexercise PSQI scores of the control patients were 6.6 ± 3.5 and 5.6 ± 2.7, respectively. According to this study, the exercises significantly enhanced the quality of sleep. Patients should be encouraged by nurses to perform relaxation exercises.

Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Health (Drs Alparslan and Orsal) and Eskişehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medical (Dr Unsal), Eskisehir, Turkey.

Correspondence: Güler Balci Alparslan, PhD, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Health, Meselik Campus, Eskisehir, Turkey 00 90 535 862 70 69 (;

There was no financial support or relationship representing a conflict of interest.

Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved