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A Systematic Literature Review Toward the Characterization of Comfort

Pinto, Sara MSc, RN; Caldeira, Sílvia PhD, MSc, RN; Martins, José Carlos PhD, MSc, RN

doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000126

Comfort integrates the taxonomies and the classifications of nursing knowledge. Its meaning is not yet clear, although it is an important construct from which theories are developed. This article aims to analyze comfort in nursing scientific literature. The results highlight a particular interest in comfort at crisis situations such as illness, palliative care, or intensive care. Comforting seems to be a complex intervention. More studies are needed to achieve its operational assimilation and implementation in clinical practice, as well as the evaluation of its efficiency and effectiveness.

Department of Angiology and Vascular Surgery, Centro Hospitalar de São João, Porto, Portugal (Ms Pinto); Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal (Ms Pinto); Instituto de Ciências da Saúde—Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Lisbon, Portugal (Dr Caldeira); and Scientific and Pedagogic Unit of Medical Surgical NursingNursing School of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal (Dr Martins).

Correspondence: Sara Pinto, MSc, RN, Department of Angiology and Vascular Surgery, Centro Hospitalar de São João, Alameda Prof. Hernâni Monteiro 4200, Porto, Portugal (

Sara Pinto is currently receiving a grant from the Ordem dos Enfermeiros, Secção Regional do Norte (Maria Aurora Bessa Research Grant). None were declared for the remaining authors. The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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