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Psychological Mechanisms of Mindfulness-Based Interventions: What Do We Know?

Chiesa, Alberto MD; Anselmi, Roberta PsyD; Serretti, Alessandro MD, PhD

doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000017

Little is known about the psychological mechanisms underlying the clinical benefits of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). In the present review, we suggest that mindfulness-based interventions may enhance positive emotional regulation strategies, as well as self-compassion levels, and decrease rumination and experiential avoidance. These changes are, in turn, associated with several clinical benefits including the reduction of stress and depression levels, as well as the enhancement of positive emotions. Limitations and potential applications of these findings are discussed.

Department of Biomedical and NeuroMotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy (Dr Chiesa, Anselmi, and Serretti) and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Messina, Messina, Italy (Dr Chiesa).

Correspondence: Alberto Chiesa, MD, Department of Biomedical and NeuroMotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Viale Carlo Pepoli 5, 40123 Bologna, Italy (

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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