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Effects of a Guided Imagery Intervention on Stress in Hospitalized Pregnant Women: A Pilot Study

Jallo, Nancy PhD, FNP-BC, WHNP-BC, CNS; Cozens, Roberta MS, WHNP-BC, CNS; Smith, Melanie W. PhD; Simpson, Rachael I. MSN, RN

doi: 10.1097/HNP.0b013e31828b6270

Using repeated-measures pre-/posttest design, the effects of guided imagery on maternal stress in 19 hospitalized pregnant women were examined. Mean stress and systolic blood pressure measurements postintervention were significantly lower than mean levels before listening to the guided imagery CD. All participants identified benefits of this holistic intervention. The study provides preliminary evidence that a guided imagery intervention may be effective in reducing maternal stress in hospitalized pregnant women and supports the feasibility of conducting a randomized clinical trial to further support incorporating this intervention into care.

Department of Family and Community Health, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, Richmond, Virginia (Dr Jallo and Ms Simpson); Department of Women's Health, Sentara Norfolk General Hospital, Norfolk, Virginia (Ms Cozens); and Sentara Healthcare Quality Research Institute, Norfolk, Virginia (Dr Smith).

Correspondence: Nancy Jallo, PhD, FNP-BC, WHNP-BC, CNS, Department of Family and Community Health, Virginia Commonwealth School of Nursing, 1100 East Leigh St, Richmond, VA 23298 (

The authors gratefully acknowledge the study participants, Susan Tweed, PhD, the hospital leadership, and clinical nurses, who supported this study, as well as the March of Dimes, for partial support of this pilot.

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.