FEATURESToward a Theory of Holistic Needs and the BrainSilton, Nava R. PhD; Flannelly, Laura T. PhD, RN; Flannelly, Kevin J. PhD; Galek, Kathleen PhDAuthor Information Marymount Manhattan College, New York, (Dr Silton); Center for Psychosocial Research, Massapequa, New York (Dr Flannelly); and HealthCare Chaplaincy, New York (Drs Flannelly and Galek). Correspondence: Nava R. Silton, PhD, Marymount Manhattan College, Department of Psychology, 221 E 71st St, New York, NY 10021 ([email protected]). The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Holistic Nursing Practice: September/October 2011 - Volume 25 - Issue 5 - p 258-265 doi: 10.1097/HNP.0b013e31822a0301 Buy Metrics Abstract This article reviews Maslow's theory of motivation wherein he proposes a hierarchy of human needs. First, it describes the principal elements of Maslow's theory and discusses considerations relating to the flexibility of the hierarchy. Second, it explains the relationship among Maslow's theory of human needs, attachment theory, and evolutionary threat assessment system theory. Third, it provides an overview of the brain structures posited to be involved in attachment and evolutionary threat assessment system theory and their relation to Maslow's hierarchy. Finally, it explains how the 3 theories converge to form a theory of holistic needs. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.