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Are You Positive?: The Influence of Life Orientation on the Anxiety Levels of Nursing Students

Warning, Lila M. MSN, RN

doi: 10.1097/HNP.0b013e31822a02c7

Is there a relationship between nursing student's anxiety levels and orientation to life, optimism, or pessimism? Participants are 1st year nursing students prior to the first acute care clinical experience in a small, Midwestern city in the United States. An inverse relationship is noted between student's life orientation and level of anxiety.

Blessing-Rieman College of Nursing, Quincy, Illinois.

Correspondence: Lila M. Warning, MSN, RN, Blessing-Rieman College of Nursing, PO Box 7005, Quincy, IL 62305 (

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.