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The Impact of a Live Therapeutic Music Intervention on Patients' Experience of Pain, Anxiety, and Muscle Tension

Sand-Jecklin, Kari EdD, MSN, RN, AHN-BC; Emerson, Howard BA, CMP

doi: 10.1097/HNP.0b013e3181c8e435

This exploratory study demonstrated the positive impact of live music as a holistic patient intervention directed toward reducing pain, anxiety, and muscle tension levels of patients admitted to a tertiary care center for an emergent medical condition. Music can be combined with other holistic interventions to positively impact patient outcomes.

West Virginia University School of Nursing, Morgantown, West Virginia (Ms Sand-Jecklin); West Virginia University Hospitals, Margantown, West Virginia (Mr Emerson).

Corresponding Author: Kari Sand-Jecklin, EdD, MSN, RN, AHN-BC, West Virginia University School of Nursing, PO Box 9600, Morgantown, WV 26506 (

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.