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What Is Spiritual Care in Nursing?: Findings From an Exercise in Content Validity

Taylor, Elizabeth Johnston PhD, RN

doi: 10.1097/01.HNP.0000318024.60775.46

The scope and nature of what is spiritual care in nursing are poorly defined. This article explores what is nursing spiritual care using data collected from a panel of 9 experts for the purposes of establishing content validity for an instrument to measure frequency of nurse-provided spiritual care therapeutics.

School of Nursing, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California.

Corresponding Author: Elizabeth Johnston Taylor, PhD, RN, School of Nursing, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350 (

The author thanks the following nurse spiritual care scholars whose thinking prompted this paper: Verna Carson, PhD, RN, National Director of Behavioral Home Health, Tender Loving Care Staff Builders, Baltimore, Maryland; Marsha Fowler, PhD, FAAN, Professor, Azusa Pacific University, Azusa, California; Carla Gober, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, School of Religion, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California; Marilyn Halstead, PhD, RN, Professor, Towson State University, Towson, Maryland; Martha Highfield, PhD, RN, Professor, California State University, Northridge; Barbara Pesut, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia–Okanagan, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada; Rick Sawatzky, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, Trinity Western University, Langley, British Columbia, Canada; Kathy Schoonover-Shoffner, PhD, RN, Editor, Journal of Christian Nursing, Wichita, Kansas; and Amy Rex Smith, DNSc, APRN, Associate Professor, University of Massachusetts, Boston.

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.