The scope and nature of what is spiritual care in nursing are poorly defined. This article explores what is nursing spiritual care using data collected from a panel of 9 experts for the purposes of establishing content validity for an instrument to measure frequency of nurse-provided spiritual care therapeutics.
School of Nursing, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California.
Corresponding Author: Elizabeth Johnston Taylor, PhD, RN, School of Nursing, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350 (email@example.com).
The author thanks the following nurse spiritual care scholars whose thinking prompted this paper: Verna Carson, PhD, RN, National Director of Behavioral Home Health, Tender Loving Care Staff Builders, Baltimore, Maryland; Marsha Fowler, PhD, FAAN, Professor, Azusa Pacific University, Azusa, California; Carla Gober, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, School of Religion, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California; Marilyn Halstead, PhD, RN, Professor, Towson State University, Towson, Maryland; Martha Highfield, PhD, RN, Professor, California State University, Northridge; Barbara Pesut, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia–Okanagan, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada; Rick Sawatzky, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor, Trinity Western University, Langley, British Columbia, Canada; Kathy Schoonover-Shoffner, PhD, RN, Editor, Journal of Christian Nursing, Wichita, Kansas; and Amy Rex Smith, DNSc, APRN, Associate Professor, University of Massachusetts, Boston.