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An Evidence-based Conceptual Analysis of Presence

Tavernier, Susan S. MSN, RN, APRN-CNS, AOCN®


Presence is recognized as a quality and an intervention of nursing care. As technology replaces human touch, economic constraints decrease time spent with the patient and the demand for holistic care increases, the act and quality of presence gains significance. Presence is described as transformative to the patient care experience, having the potential to hinder or facilitate the healing process. This conceptual analysis utilizes an evidence-based approach of presence for use in theory development and concept measurement.

Department of Clinical Education and Research, Saint Alphonsus Regional Medical Center, Boise, Idaho.

Corresponding author: Susan S. Tavernier, MSN, RN, APRN-CNS, AOCN®, Saint Alphonsus Regional Medical Center, Clinical Education and Research, 1055 N Curtis Rd, Boise, ID 83706 (e-mail:

This study was partially funded by NCI training grant R25 CA093831 (Kathi Mooney, PI).

© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.