Effective Anxiety Treatment Prior to Diagnostic Cardiac CatheterizationMcCaffrey, Ruth ND, ARNP-BC; Taylor, Natalie MSN, RNHolistic Nursing Practice: March-April 2005 - Volume 19 - Issue 2 - p 70–73 FEATURES Buy Abstract Author InformationAuthors Music therapy, massage, guided imagery, therapeutic touch, and stress management instruction have been used successfully to decrease patient anxiety prior to diagnostic cardiac catheterization, providing better patient outcomes. The anxiety experienced among patients may have various causes, including not feeling cared about as an individual, too much waiting time before the procedure begins, and physical discomfort. This review determines nursing interventions that may effectively reduce anxiety prior to diagnostic cardiac catheterization. Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton. Corresponding author: Ruth McCaffrey, ND, ARNP-BC, Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Rd, Boca Raton, FL 33431 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.