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The Social Environment of Nursing Homes and the Health of Older Residents

Zurakowski, Tamara L. PhD, CRNP

Aging: Challenges And Opportunities

This study investigated the effects of two social environment variables, social support and anomia, on the self-reported health of older nursing home residents. Three specific hypotheses were tested as well as the fit of the data to the proposed theory. A nonrandom, convenience sample of 91 nursing home residents was drawn from four nursing homes. Only whites who could speak and understand English and who were judged to be cognitively intact or only mildly cognitively impaired were included. The data were analyzed using path analysis. Only one hypothesis asserting that anomia will have direct negative effects on self-reported health was fully supported.

Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, La Salle University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Zurakowski)

This study was supported by research grants from Sigma Theta Tau, Alpha Mu chapter, and the Alumni Association of the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing. The author wishes to thank Drs. Joyce Fitzpatrick, Eva Kahana, May Wykle, and Linda Belgrave for their scholarly assistance in the conduct of this study.

Copyright © 2000 by Aspen Publishers, Inc.