Health Promotion during Childhood Chronic Illness: A Paradox Facing SocietyHeinzer Marjorie M. PhD RNCS CRNPHolistic Nursing Practice: January 1998 Health Risks and Health Promotion: PDF Only Abstract Childhood chronic illness presents challenges to families in the area of health promotion. Parents are diligent in handling the concerns associated with chronicity and compromised health status but may find themselves excessively directing their energies toward the illness-oriented needs of the child rather than health. The article identifies Healthy Children 2000 objectives and discusses their application to children with chronic illness. Health risks that confront families place extra burdens on them and require adjustments in life style, coping, support systems, and finances. Specific risks focus on life style changes, nutrition and exercise concerns, developmental needs, and environmental hazards. © Williams & Wilkins 1998. All Rights Reserved.