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Workplace Empowerment and Job Satisfaction in Portuguese Nurses

An Explicative Model

de Almeida, Helena PhD; Orgambídez, Alejandro PhD

doi: 10.1097/HCM.0000000000000265

Greater effectiveness of health care does occur with a more effective management of interpersonal processes. A working management environment, which ensures sufficient access to information, support, resources, and opportunities (structural empowerment), probably can promote a personal perception of capacity and effectiveness (global empowerment) in caregivers to achieve organizational objectives and job satisfaction. This study evaluated the relationship between empowerment and job satisfaction, supported by Kanter's theory of structural empowerment. This study used a convenience sample of 151 nurses from public Portuguese hospitals. The adjustment of the model and the effect of mediation were carried out with a structural equation model (path analysis) through the statistical software STATA. The results show the mediator effect of global empowerment on the relationship between structural empowerment and job satisfaction and the direct and indirect effects of “access to opportunities” in job satisfaction. Managers of these health units should consider that the more the work environment is characterized by having the resources, opportunities, and support indispensable to the good execution of the work by the nurses, the greater the global empowerment and job satisfaction. The results obtained can be an important contribution that can be adopted as a strategy in any health institution without any harm.

Author Affiliations: Faculty of Economy, Universidade do Algarve (Dr de Almeida), Faro, Portugal; and Department of Social Psychology, Social Work, Social Anthropology, and Studies of East Asia, Universidad de Malaga (Dr Orgambídez), Spain.

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Correspondence: Helena de Almeida, PhD, Faculty of Economy, Universidade do Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal (

This article is financed by national funds provided by the Foundation for Science and Technology through project UID/SOC/04020/2013.

Online date: July 1, 2019

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