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The Factors Affecting Hospital Employees' Turnover Intentions

A Case of Iran

Ravangard, Ramin, PhD; Dianat, Sara; Shokrpour, Nasrin, PhD

doi: 10.1097/HCM.0000000000000258
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Hospital employees' turnover is one of the problems with which both public and private organizations have been faced for many years. Employees' turnover can cause many organization's investments in employees to be wasted and the stability and continuity of the organizational activities to be undermined. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of social support and mediating factors on the turnover intention of administrative and financial employees working in the teaching hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran, using structural equation modeling in 2017. This was an applied, cross-sectional, and descriptive-analytic study conducted on the administrative and financial employees working in the teaching hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in 2017. The results showed that the proposed model remarkably explained “turnover intention,” and the overall validity of the model was confirmed. Accordingly, 15 of 21 study hypotheses were supported. Moreover, the results showed that social support had an indirect significant association with the hospital employees' turnover intention and could decrease it through increasing the employees' organizational commitment, psychological empowerment, and core self-evaluation and reducing their job stress and job burnout (P < .05). To reduce the hospital employees' turnover intention in hospitals, employ suitable and qualified individuals for the positions, provide training courses such as stress management, improve better interactions and mutual cooperation among managers and employees, provide job security and job enrichment, and create a comfortable and relaxed working environment.

Author Affiliations: Health Human Resources Research Center (Dr Ravangard) and Student Research Committee (Ms Dianat), School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences; and Applied Linguistics English Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Dr Shokrpour), Shiraz, Iran.

The present article was extracted from a research project financially supported by Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (grant 95-01-68-12972).

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Correspondence: Nasrin Shokrpour, PhD, English Department, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 71345/1756, Shiraz, Iran (shokrpourn@gmail.com).

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