ArticleFive Myths of the Chinese Health Care SystemHaley, D. Rob PhD; Zhao, Mei PhD; Nolin, JoAnn M. JD; Dunning, Kerry MHA; Qiang, Sun PhD Author Information Author Affiliations: Master of Health Administration Program, Public Health Department, University of North Florida, Jacksonville (Drs Haley, Zhao, and Atty Nolin); Dunning Consulting, Jacksonville, Florida (Ms Dunning); and Center for Health Management and Policy, Shandong University, Jinan, PR China (Dr Qiang). Corresponding author: D. Rob Haley, PhD, Public Health Department, University of North Florida, 1 UNF Dr, Jacksonville, FL 32224 ([email protected]). The Health Care Manager: April 2008 - Volume 27 - Issue 2 - p 147-158 doi: 10.1097/01.HCM.0000285042.42537.68 Buy Metrics Abstract As China continues its moves from a socialist ideology to a market economy, the impact of its presence is being felt globally. This is especially true with China's health care system and the challenges that it is experiencing with its 1.3 billion population. The erosion of China's socialist ideology was accompanied by an erosion of the government's subsidy of health services, placing the major responsibilities of providing health care services on regional governments. Unfortunately, the impact of these policies on China's health care system is not commonly understood, resulting in confusion and propagation of myths. For example, many believe that the Chinese government provides free health care for all citizens, and the population has not accepted Western medicine and relies primarily on traditional Chinese medicine. In addition, it is believed that there is no shortage of nurses, as the majority of care is provided at home. Finally, it is commonly believed that China's health care issues are different from those of the United States. Exploration of these myths provides us with a better understanding and an improved ability to engage with this emerging economic global leader. Copyright © 2008 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.