The excess relative risk of mortality for all cancers excluding leukemia among nuclear workers was reanalyzed by taking the annual dose as the dose rate into consideration using publicly available epidemiological data from the Hanford site dedicated to the cohort study of nuclear workers in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada (Three Countries Study). Values of the dose rate (cut points) were chosen at 2 mSv y−1 intervals from 2 to 40 mSv y−1, and risk estimates were made for 32,988 workers, considering doses accumulated below the cut point and above the cut point to have different effects. Although the procedure to extract the study population and the methodology used for analysis basically followed those in the Three Countries Study, additional examinations were also carried out for different risk models, lag periods, and impacts of adjusting the monitoring period to find the effect of the dose rate. As a result, no statistically significant difference in dose rate was found among the excess relative risks under different calculation conditions.
1Radiation Safety Research Center, Nuclear Technology Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo, Japan;
2Institute of Radiation Epidemiology, Radiation Effects Association, Tokyo, Japan.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
For correspondence contact Michiya Sasaki, Radiation Safety Research Center, Nuclear Technology Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 2-11-1 Iwado kita, Komae-shi, Tokyo 201-8511, Japan, or email at email@example.com.
(Manuscript accepted 23 October 2018)
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Online date: April 5, 2019