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Lifelong Residual bone Marrow Damage in Murine Survivors of the Hematopoietic Acute Radiation Syndrome (H-ARS)

A Compilation of Studies Comprising the Indiana University Experience

Chua, Hui Lin1; Plett, P. Artur1; Fisher, Alexa1; Sampson, Carol H.1; Vemula, Sasidhar1; Feng, Hailin1; Sellamuthu, Rajendran1; Wu, Tong1; MacVittie, Thomas J.2; Orschell, Christie M.1

doi: 10.1097/HP.0000000000000950
MURINE MODELS OF MULTIPLE-ORGAN INJURY: PAPERS
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Accurate analyses of the delayed effects of acute radiation exposure in survivors of the hematopoietic acute radiation syndrome are hampered by low numbers of mice for examination due to high lethality from the acute syndrome, increased morbidity and mortality in survivors, high cost of husbandry for long-term studies, biological variability, and inconsistencies of models from different laboratories complicating meta-analyses. To address this, a compilation of 38 similar hematopoietic acute radiation syndrome studies conducted over a 7-y period in the authors’ laboratory, comprising more than 1,500 irradiated young adult C57BL/6 mice and almost 600 day-30 survivors, was assessed for hematopoietic delayed effects of acute radiation exposure at various times up to 30 mo of age. Significant loss of long-term repopulating potential of phenotypically defined primitive hematopoietic stem cells was documented in hematopoietic acute radiation syndrome survivors, as well as significant decreases in all hematopoietic lineages in peripheral blood, prominent myeloid skew, significantly decreased bone marrow cellularity, and numbers of lineage-negative Sca-1+ cKit+ CD150+ cells (KSL CD150+; the phenotype known to be enriched for hematopoietic stem cells), and increased cycling of KSL CD150+ cells. Studies interrogating the phenotype of bone marrow cells capable of initiation of suspension cultures and engraftment in competitive transplantation assays documented the phenotype of hematopoietic stem cells in hematopoietic acute radiation syndrome survivors to be the same as that in nonirradiated age-matched controls. This compilation study adds rigor and validity to our initial findings of persistent hematopoietic dysfunction in hematopoietic acute radiation syndrome survivors that arises at the level of the hematopoietic stem cell and which affects all classes of hematopoietic cells for the life of the survivor.

1Indiana University, School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN;

2University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

For correspondence contact Christie M. Orschell, 980 W. Walnut Street, R3-C341, Indianapolis, IN 46202, or email at corschel@iu.edu.

(Manuscript accepted 2 July 2018)

© 2019 by the Health Physics Society