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Measurement of Radioactivity in the Granites of Pakistan

A Review

Younis, Hannan1; Qureshi, Aziz Ahmed1; Manzoor, Shahid1; Anees, Muhammad2

doi: 10.1097/HP.0000000000000917

All human beings are exposed to primordial radiation. The main source of primordial radiation has been naturally radioactive building materials. In Pakistan, among building materials, granites are most commonly used. This paper reviews the previous studies conducted for the estimation of natural radioactivity of granites from Rustam-Koga, Shewa-Shahbazgarhi, Bunair, Mansehra, and Nagarparkar. The techniques used for these studies include gamma spectrometry and field surveys. To assess the radiation hazards associated with granites of Pakistan, primordial radionuclides and corresponding radiation hazards have been estimated. Most of these granites are found to be safe except Rustam-Koga granite, which presents high excess lifetime cancer risk.

1Radiation Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Park Road, Islamabad, Pakistan;

2Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO), Karachi, Pakistan.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

For correspondence contact: Hannan Younis, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Park Road, Islamabad, Pakistan, or email at

(Manuscript accepted 27 March 2018)

© 2018 by the Health Physics Society