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Radon Release and Its Simulated Effect on Radiation Doses

Orabi, Momen

doi: 10.1097/HP.0000000000000630
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One of the main factors that affect the uncertainty in calculating the gamma-radiation absorbed dose rate inside a room is the variation in the degree of secular equilibrium of the considered radioactive series. A component of this factor, considered in this paper, is the release of radon (Rn) from building materials to the living space of the room. This release takes place through different steps. These steps are represented and mathematically formulated. The diffusion of radon inside the material is described by Fick’s second law. Some of the factors affecting the radon release rate (e.g. covering walls, moisture, structure of the building materials, etc.) are discussed. This scheme is used to study the impact of radon release on the gamma-radiation absorbed dose rate inside a room. The investigation is carried out by exploiting the MCNP simulation software. Different building materials are considered with different radon release rates. Special care is given to 222Rn due to its relatively higher half-life and higher indoor concentration than the other radon isotopes. The results of the presented model show that the radon release is of a significant impact in some building materials.

*Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt.

The author declares no conflicts of interest.

For correspondence contact the author at the above address, or email at momen_ahmad_orabi@yahoo.com.

(Manuscript accepted 14 October 2016)

© 2017 by the Health Physics Society