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Temporal Variations of Air Dose Rates in East Fukushima During Japanese Fiscal Years 2012 and 2013

Akimoto, Kazuhiro

doi: 10.1097/HP.0000000000000592
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Temporal variations of ambient air dose rates in eastern Fukushima prefecture during Japanese fiscal years 2012 and 2013 are analyzed. The average overall variation rate of air dose rates in east Fukushima during the examined period is found to be 0.49 (51% down) compared to the theoretically predicted value 0.65 (35% down) based on physical decay of radioactive cesium nuclides. On average, local dose rates declined almost linearly for the relatively short period. Temporal characteristics of air dose rates may be classified into variation rates, peaks, spikes, and oscillations. During the examined period, a typical dose-rate curve formed a long-term peak in summer that lasted one through a few months as well as a long-term spike in winter that lasted likewise. Otherwise, occasional short-term peaks and short-term spikes, in addition to long-term oscillations, were observed. Air dose rates may be effectively modulated at short timescales mainly by precipitation. Moreover, it is likely that winds may oscillate air dose rates due to resuspension of radio-dusts.

*School of Science and Engineering, Teikyo University, Toyosatodai, Utsunomiya, Japan 320‐8551.

For correspondence contact: Kazuhiro Akimoto, Teikyo University, Utsunomiya, Japan, or email at akimoto@ees.teikyo-u.ac.jp.

(Manuscript accepted 15 August 2016)

© 2017 by the Health Physics Society