Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Public Exposure from Indoor Radiofrequency Radiation in the City of Hebron, West Bank—Palestine

Lahham, Adnan*; Sharabati, Afefeh*; ALMasri, Hussien*†

doi: 10.1097/HP.0000000000000296
Papers
Buy

This work presents the results of measured indoor exposure levels to radiofrequency (RF) radiation emitting sources in one of the major cities in the West Bank—the city of Hebron. Investigated RF emitters include FM, TV broadcasting stations, mobile telephony base stations, cordless phones [Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (DECT)], and wireless local area networks (WLAN). Measurements of power density were conducted in 343 locations representing different site categories in the city. The maximum total power density found at any location was about 2.3 × 10−2 W m−2 with a corresponding exposure quotient of about 0.01. This value is well below unity, indicating compliance with the guidelines of the International Commission on Non-ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). The average total exposure from all RF sources was 0.08 × 10−2 W m−2. The relative contributions from different sources to the total exposure in terms of exposure quotient were evaluated and found to be 46% from FM radio, 26% from GSM900, 15% from DECT phones, 9% from WLAN, 3% from unknown sources, and 1% from TV broadcasting. RF sources located outdoors contribute about 73% to the population exposure indoors.

*Center for Radiation Science & Technology, Al-Quds University, East Jerusalem; †Medical Imaging Department, Al-Quds University, East Jerusalem.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

For correspondence contact: Adnan Lahham, Center for Radiation Science and Technology, Al-Quds University, P.O. Box 20002, East Jerusalem, Palestine, or email at lahham@crst.alquds.edu.

(Manuscript accepted 4 March 2015)

© 2015 by the Health Physics Society