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UV Emissions from Artificial Tanning Devices and Their Compliance with the European Technical Standard

Facta, Stefania; Fusette, Stefania Saudino; Bonino, Alessandro; Anglesio, Laura; d’Amore, Giovanni*

doi: 10.1097/HP.0b013e31827f1050

Use of ultraviolet radiation-emitting tanning devices has been classified as “carcinogenic to humans” (group 1) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Following this classification, the knowledge of typical ultraviolet emission levels from tanning devices can be of interest for evaluating their impact on health. In this work, the results of an extensive measurement campaign on artificial tanning appliances are presented. Ultraviolet emissions from 94 tanning appliances produced by 15 different manufacturers were characterized by onsite spectroradiometric measurements. The measured radiometric quantities were compared with reference values fixed in the European technical standard EN 60335-2-27 “Household and similar electrical appliances—Safety. Part 2: Particular requirements for appliances for skin exposure to ultraviolet and infrared radiation.” Measurement results indicate that 88% of the examined appliances had ultraviolet emissions not compliant with the technical standard. Among the considered appliances, tanning devices equipped with low pressure lamps showed higher ultraviolet levels of effective irradiance and less compliance with standard requirements. In particular, UV emissions from 100% of low pressure appliances and from 78% of high pressure appliances exceeded the irradiance limit of 0.3 Wm−2 set by the European technical standard.

*ARPA, Piemonte Via Jervis 30, 10015 Ivrea (TO) ITALY.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

For correspondence contact: Stefania Facta, ARPA Piemonte Via Jervis 30, 10015 Ivrea (TO) ITALY, or email at

(Manuscript accepted 20 November 2012)

©2013Health Physics Society