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Calcagnini, G.*; Mattei, E.*; Censi, F.*; Triventi, M.*; Lo Sterzo, R.; Marchetta, E.; Bartolini, P.*

doi: 10.1097/HP.0b013e3181f65357

This paper investigates the electromagnetic compatibility of 45 critical care medical devices (infusion pumps, defibrillators, monitors, lung ventilators, anesthesia machines and external pacemakers) with various types of wireless local area network (WLAN, IEEE 802.11 b/g, 2.45 GHz, 100 mW) adapters. Interference is evaluated by performing ad-hoc tests according to the ANSI C63.18 recommended practice. The behavior of the devices during the tests was monitored using patient simulators/device testers specific for each device class. Electromagnetic interference cases were observed in three of 45 devices at a maximum distance of 5 cm. In two cases the interference caused malfunctions that may have clinical consequences for the patient. The authors' findings show that the use of these wireless local area network adapters can be considered reasonably safe, although interference may occur if they are operated at very close distance (<10 cm) to the medical devices.

* ISS—Italian National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy; ISCOM—Italian Institute of Communications and Information Technology, Rome, Italy.

For correspondence contact: Giovanni Calcagnini, Department of Technology and Health, Italian National Institute of Health, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma, Italy, or email at

(Manuscript accepted 9 August 2010)

©2011Health Physics Society