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INVESTIGATION OF THE PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF AN ADDITIONAL 0.1 MM COPPER X-RAY SPECTRAL FILTER FOR CINE ACQUISITION MODE IMAGING IN A CLINICAL CARE SETTING

Fetterly, Kenneth A.*

doi: 10.1097/HP.0b013e3181d96964
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Minimizing the x-ray radiation dose is an important aspect of patient safety during interventional fluoroscopy procedures. This work investigates the practical aspects of an additional 0.1 mm Cu x-ray beam spectral filter applied to cine acquisition mode imaging on patient dose and image quality. Measurements were acquired using clinical interventional imaging systems. Acquisition images of Solid Water® phantoms (15–40 cm) were acquired using x-ray beams with the x-ray tube inherent filtration and using an additional 0.1 mm Cu x-ray beam spectral filter. The skin entrance air kerma (dose) rate was measured and the signal difference to noise ratio (SDNR) of an iodine target embedded into the phantom was calculated to assess image quality. X-ray beam parameters were recorded and analyzed and a primary x-ray beam simulation was performed to assess additional x-ray tube burden attributable to the Cu filter. For all phantom thicknesses, the 0.1 mm Cu filter resulted in a 40% reduction in the entrance air kerma rate to the phantoms and a 9% reduction in the SDNR of the iodine phantom. The expected additional tube load required by the 0.1 mm Cu filter ranged from 11% for a 120 kVp x-ray beam to 43% for a 60 kVp beam. For these clinical systems, use of the 0.1 mm Cu filter resulted in a favorable compromise between reduced skin dose rate and image quality and increased x-ray tube burden.

* Cardiovascular Division, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st St SW, Rochester, MN 55905.

For correspondence contact the author at the above address, or email at fetterly.kenneth@mayo.edu.

(Manuscript accepted 16 February 2010)

©2010Health Physics Society