Design and Simulation of a Neutron Facility : Health Physics

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Articles: Operational Topic

Design and Simulation of a Neutron Facility

Studenski, Matthew T.; Kearfott, Kimberlee J.*

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Health Physics 92(2):p S37-S44, February 2007. | DOI: 10.1097/01.HP.0000252852.89426.e7


State and other regulatory entities require that for any facility housing a particle accelerator the surrounding areas must be restricted to public access unless the dose equivalent rate is less than 0.02 mSv h−1 at 5 cm from any accessible wall surrounding the facility under conditions of maximum radiation output. A Monte Carlo radiation transport simulation code, MCNP5, was used to design a proposed facility to shield two D-T neutron generators and one D-D neutron generator. A number of different designs were simulated, but due to cost and space issues a small concrete cave proved to be the best solution for the shielding problem. With this design, all of the neutron generators could be used and all of the rooms surrounding the neutron facility could be considered unrestricted to public access. To prevent unauthorized access into the restricted area of the neutron facility, light curtains, warning lights, door interlocks, and rope barriers will be built into the facility.

©2007Health Physics Society

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