Influences guiding the origin, development and refinement of a systematic environmental surveillance program for a multiple-reactor complex are presented. Program design differs in that it incorporates the knowledge of planned fission product releases associated with destructive testing. Capabilities for early warning and prompt automated evaluation of integrated doses for the major exposure pathways to man are described. In recent years trends away from the early concepts of extensive and detailed surveillance have produced a minimum routine monitoring effort that provides direction of emphasis into specific indices of environmental exposure. Unique aspects of the present day capabilities of the program include: (1) a dynamic research program supported by the USWB and USGS to provide detailed knowledge of the capacity of the environment for the safe dissipation of radioactive or other toxic effluents, (2) a sophisticated radiation telemetering system for monitoring population and agricultural centers, (3) census data maintained on a current basis to provide prompt and accurate information on the residential and grazing populations at risk, e.g. age distribution, land use, milk production and localized milk consumption.
©1966Health Physics Society