To compare balance, mobility, and functional outcomes across 3 age groups of older adults with traumatic brain injury; to describe differences between those discharged to private residences versus institutional care.
Acute inpatient rehabilitation facility.
One hundred adults, mean age of 78.6 ± 7.9 years (range = 65-95 years), with an admitting diagnosis of traumatic brain injury.
Retrospective case series.
Functional Independence Measure (FIM) for Cognition and Mobility; Berg Balance Scale; Timed Up and Go; and gait speed, at admission to and discharge from an inpatient rehabilitation facility.
Statistically significant improvements (P < .01) were made on the Timed Up and Go, Berg Balance Scale, and gait speed for young-old, mid-old, and old-old adults, with no differences among the 3 age groups. Substantial balance and mobility deficits remained. The FIM cognition (P = .013), FIM Walk (P = .009), and FIM Transfer (P = .013) scores were significantly better in individuals discharged home or home with family versus those discharged to an institution.
Preliminary outcome data for specific balance and mobility measures are reported in 3 subgroups of older adults following traumatic brain injury, each of which made significant and similar improvements. Some FIM item scores discriminated between those discharged to a private residence versus a higher level of care.
Physical Therapy Program, Chatham University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Drs Perry and Woollard); Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Slippery Rock University, Slippery Rock, Pennsylvania (Dr Billek-Sawhney); and ReMed, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Szalinski).
Corresponding Author: Susan B. Perry, DPT, PT, Physical Therapy Program, Chatham University, Woodland Rd, Pittsburgh, PA 15232 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The authors thank Kristin Budziszewski, DPT, PT, for her assistance with data collection.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.