CHEO Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (Drs Dawson and Zemek); Montfort Hospital Institut du Savoir, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (Dr Johnston); The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (Drs Marshall and Lithopoulos); Keenan Research Centre, St Michael's Hospital, Unity Health Toronto and Faculty of Medicine (Neurosurgery) (Dr Schweizer), University of Toronto (Dr Reed), Toronto, Ontario, Canada; University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City (Dr Devos); and UGA Concussion Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens (Dr Schmidt).
Corresponding Author: Jennifer Dawson, PhD, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, 401 Smyth Rd, Ottawa, ON K1H 8L1, Canada ([email protected]).
This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Authors' Disclosures and Competing Interests:
S.J.—Grants/contracts: Foundation for Advancing Family Medicine and Canadian Medical Association, Public Health Agency of Canada, Canadian Institute for Health Information, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Institut du Savoir Montfort. Honoraria for lectures on concussion care: University of Ottawa. Financial or nonfinancial interest: Cofounder of interdisciplinary clinics, 360 Concussion Care.
S.M.—Grant: Ontario Ministry of Health Grant to The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute for Guideline Development, CIHR (older driver research). Legal payment for expert testimony (not related to returning to driving)–related to primary clinical practice of traumatic brain injury rehabilitation. Leadership or board role: Consultant to Ontario Ministry of Transportation.
N.R.—Grants—Project Grant—Canadian Institutes of Health Research (Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) in Pediatric Concussion), Special Olympics Canada Research Grant, Dr Tom Pashby Sports Safety Fund Research Award. Payments/honoraria: Michael Smith Foundation—Research Grant Reviewer (honoraria). Leadership/committees: International Pediatric Brain Injury Society—Executive Board Member (unpaid), International Brain Injury Association—Colead Concussion Special Interest Group (unpaid), Canadian Traumatic Brain Injury Research Consortium—Cochair Trainee and Development Committee (unpaid). Other financial or nonfinancial interests: Minority owner of 360 Concussion Care, Interdisciplinary Concussion Clinic.
J.S.—Grants—Andee's Army, CTSA NIH Grant.
H.D.—Salary Support Grants: 1K01AG058785-01 National Institutes of Aging, US Department of Transportation (DOT), CTSA Pilot Grant (in kind support), National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Contracts: Royalties from sale portable driving simulator. Consulting fees: Andee's Army. Honorium for lectures: Nederlands Paramedisch Instituut. Patent pending: Patent No. 62/542,908.
A.L.—Grant: Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (grant no. 721).
R.Z.—Grants paid to institution: CIHR, Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation, Physician Services Incorporated Foundation, CHEO Foundation, Ontario Brain Institute, Ontario SPOR Support (OSSU), National Football League (NFL) Scientific Advisory Board. Leadership role on board paid to R.Z.: Concussion advisory board for Parachute Canada (a nonprofit injury prevention charity). Financial or nonfinancial interests: Founding partner and minority shareholder of 360 Concussion Care (a learning health system and network of interdisciplinary concussion clinics in Ontario) (no financial payments received to date).
J.D., T.S.—No competing interests.
The authors declare no conflicts of interests.