To examine the accuracy of knowledge
about mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) of veterans
and their friends/family members.
VA Medical Center.
One hundred veterans
and 50 of their friends/family members.
A 60-item questionnaire was created by drawing both from the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory and from a brain injury knowledge
survey developed for use with the general public.
Both groups were equally able to identify true mild TBI items, but both also endorsed numerous items not typical of a mild injury. Self-reported prior TBI and receipt of TBI education were unrelated to the level of knowledge
. For both groups, knowing another individual with TBI was unrelated to other aspects of mild TBI knowledge
. Only 1 in 5 veterans
endorsed receiving brain injury education while in the military.
Results of this study may assist in the development of targeted TBI educational interventions for veterans
and their friends/family members within the Veterans
Affairs system. Ultimately, increased knowledge
about mild TBI improves the likelihood that veterans
receive care congruent with their needs and may potentially improve outcomes for those with mild TBI.