To determine the frequency of road traffic accidents among individuals who start or resume driving after severe traumatic brain injury
(TBI) and to investigate their responsibility for these accidents.
Sixty adults with severe TBI and their caregivers.
Measures: Return to Driving
Questionnaire and Glasgow Outcome Scale.
Thirty of the 60 participants started to drive or resumed driving after TBI. Nineteen (63%) of them were involved in traffic accidents, with personal responsibility in 26 of 36 after return to driving
. Participants caused a significantly higher number of accidents after TBI than before.
The ability to drive is frequently compromised after severe TBI. Specific rehabilitation
of this complex activity should be a main goal of social reintegration programs in this population.