To establish the feasibility and effect of an aerobic exercise intervention on symptoms of depression among individuals with traumatic brain injury.
A pre-post single group.
our community dwelling participants (>11 months postinjury) with residual physical impairment recruited from an outpatient clinic.
12-week aerobic exercise program.
The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression; aerobic capacity (cycle ergometer, heart rate at reference resistance, perceived exertion); Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and program perception (survey).
Descriptive statistics to depict change in outcome measure scores. Answers from the survey were collated and presented as summary statements.
All participants had fewer symptoms of depression, improved aerobic capacity and higher self esteem after the intervention. High satisfaction with the program was reported with no adverse effects.
The aerobic exercise program was feasible and effective for individuals with traumatic brain injury, leading to improved mood, cardiovascular fitness, and self-esteem. Future research is needed to determine the intensity, frequency, and duration required to reach and maintain improvement.
Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Toronto (Ms Schwandt); Toronto Rehabilitation Institute (Dr Harris); Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto (Dr Thomas); Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto (Dr Keightley); Departments of Psychiatry and Medicine (PMR.), Toronto Rehabilitation Institute (Dr Snaiderman); and Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University of Toronto (Dr Colantonio), Ontario, Canada.
Corresponding Author: Angela Colantonio, PhD, OT, Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, 160-500 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 1V7, Canada (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Funding for this study for AC was obtained from the Canadian Institutes for Health Research (200903MOP), The Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, and a grant from the Ministry of Health and Long Term Care. Support for this study was given to MS from the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute and a Fellowship from the Women's College Research Institute and to JEH in a CIHR Fellowship Award and a Strategic Training Fellowship in Health Care, Technology and Place (FRN: STP 53911). Authors do not have any conflicts to disclose.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.