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Screening for Traumatic Brain Injury in an Offender Sample: A First Look at the Reliability and Validity of the Traumatic Brain Injury Questionnaire

Diamond, Pamela M. PhD; Harzke, Amy J. DrPH; Magaletta, Philip R. PhD; Cummins, A. Gaye MA; Frankowski, Ralph PhD

Section Editor(s): Corrigan, John D. PhD; Bogner, Jennifer PhD

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation: November-December 2007 - Volume 22 - Issue 6 - p 330–338
doi: 10.1097/01.HTR.0000300228.05867.5c
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Objective To assess the reliability and validity of the Traumatic Brain Injury Questionnaire (TBIQ) for assessing history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in an offender population.

Setting/Participants Offenders (118 women and 107 men) from 6 federal prison facilities in 3 geographic regions.

Measures TBIQ and multiple measures of cognitive and behavioral functioning.

Results Preliminary results indicated good test-retest reliability for lifetime history of head injury, good internal consistency for symptom severity and frequency scales, and good criterion validity for frequency of head injury and frequency and severity of symptoms.

Conclusion The TBIQ holds promise as an instrument for the assessment of TBI history in offender populations.

From the Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research, School of Public Health, University of Texas at Houston (Drs Diamond and Harzke, and Ms Cummins); the Psychology Services Branch, Federal Bureau of Prisons, Washington, District of Columbia (Dr Magaletta); and School of Public Health, University of Texas at Houston (Dr Frankowski).

Corresponding author: Pamela M. Diamond, PhD, Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research, School of Public Health, University of Texas at Houston, Houston, TX 77030.

The views expressed in this article are those of the authors only and do not necessarily reflect the policy or opinions of the Federal Bureau of Prisons or the Department of Justice.

This study was supported by research grant U49 CE000365-01S1 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga. We thank Karen Schwab, PhD, Chief, Epidemiology and Statistics, Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Md, who generously shared her initial TBI screening items that were used to develop Part I of the TBIQ.

© 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.