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Evaluation of a Structured Group Format Memory Rehabilitation Program For Adults Following Brain Injury

Thickpenny-Davis, Kirsten L. MA, DClinPsy; Barker-Collo, Suzanne L. MA, PhD

Section Editor(s): Caplan, Bruce PhD, ABPP

The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation: September-October 2007 - Volume 22 - Issue 5 - p 303–313
doi: 10.1097/01.HTR.0000290975.09496.93

Objective To evaluate the impact of an 8-session structured group format memory rehabilitation program on impaired memory functioning.

Participants Adults with traumatic brain injury (N = 10) or cerebral vascular accidents (N = 2).

Design A waitlist control study with pregroup, postgroup, and 1-month follow-up assessments.

Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised Neuropsychological assessments of memory (California Verbal Learning Test, Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised logical memory, visual-paired associates, and Rey Complex Figure) and both self-report and significant other report of behaviors indicative of memory difficulties and the use of memory strategies.

Results Participation in the memory group increased participants' knowledge of memory and memory strategies as well as use of memory aids and strategies; reduced behaviors indicative of memory impairment; and had a positive effect on neuropsychological assessments of memory (eg, delayed recall for words and figures). All significant improvements exceeded change experienced by waiting-list controls and were maintained at 1-month follow-up assessment.

Conclusions While extension of the findings is needed, the memory group has a positive impact on both neuropsychological measures of memory and everyday memory functioning.

From the Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Corresponding author: Suzanne L. Barker-Collo, MA, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand 1142 (e-mail:

© 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.