This article summarizes major developments of the past 20 years in both acute and chronic management of children with traumatic brain injury. The article begins with brief summaries of developments in acute and rehabilitative medical management and physical rehabilitation. Because long-term cognitive, behavioral, academic, and family issues tend to be dominant after pediatric TBI, more attention is given to these topics. The article ends with a list of general themes that have been identified as critical in providing effective long-term services and supports to children with TBI and their families.
School of Education, College of Saint Rose, Albany, NY (Dr Ylvisaker); the Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa (Dr Adelson); the SARAH University for Rehabilitation Sciences (Dr Braga) and the Neuropsychology Department, SARAH Network of Rehabilitation Hospitals, Brasilia, Brazil (Drs Braga and Burnett); the Teaching Research, Eugene, Ore (Drs Glang and Todis); the School and Community Support Services, Schenectady, NY (Dr Feeney); the South West Brain Injury Rehabilitation Service, Albury, New South Wales, Australia (Ms Moore); and the Neurorehabilitation Program, Bloorview MacMillan Children's Centre, and the University of Toronto, Canada (Dr Rumney).
Corresponding author: Mark Ylvisaker, PhD, 1171 Van Antwerp Rd, Schenectady, NY 12309 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).