Orignal ArticleVirtual Reality and Neuropsychology Upgrading the Current ToolsSchultheis, Maria T. PhD; Himelstein, Jessica MA; Rizzo, Albert A. PhD Author Information Clinical Research Scientist, Neuropsychology & Neuroscience Laboratory, Kessler Medical Rehabilitation Research & Education Corporation, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School West Orange, New Jersey (Schultheis) Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School West Orange, New Jersey (Himelstein) Assistant Research Professor, Integrated Media Systems Center, School of Gerontology University of Southern California, Los Angeles (Rizzo) Address correspondence and requests for reprints to Maria T. Schultheis, PhD, Neuropsychology and Neuroscience Laboratory, Kessler Medical Rehabilitation Research & Education Corporation, 1199 Pleasant Valley Way, West Orange, NJ 07052. Telephone: (973) 324–3528; Fax: (973)243–6984. E-mail: [email protected]. Supported in part by grant #HD08589–01 from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, grant #H133G000073 from the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, and by the Integrated Media Systems Center, a National Science Foundation Engineering Research Center, Cooperative Agreement No. EEC-9529152. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 17(5):p 378-394, October 2002. Buy Abstract Background: Virtual reality (VR) is an evolving technology that has been applied in various aspects of medicine, including the treatment of phobia disorders, pain distraction interventions, surgical training, and medical education. These applications have served to demonstrate the various assets offered through the use of VR. Objective: To provide a background and rationale for the application of VR to neuropsychological assessment. Methods: A brief introduction to VR technology and a review of current ongoing neuropsychological research that integrates the use of this technology. Conclusions: VR offers numerous assets that may enhance current neuropsychological assessment protocols and address many of the limitations faced by our traditional methods. © 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.