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The Family Burden of Injury Interview: Reliability and Validity Studies

Burgess, Erika Swift MA; Drotar, Dennis PhD; Taylor, Gerry H. PhD; Wade, Shari PhD; Stancin, Terry PhD; Yeates, Keith Owen PhD

The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation: August 1999 - Volume 14 - Issue 4 - p 394–405
Neurobehavioral Issues in Pediatric Head Trauma

Objective: To assess the reliability and validity of a new instrument, the Family Burden of Injury Interview (FBII) was designed to assess the impact of childhood traumatic head injuries (THI) on the family.

Participants: 99 Mothers of school-age children who experienced THI.

Results: The FBII Total Score revealed group differences between families of children with severe THI and families of children with moderate THI. The measure also showed concurrent and predictive relationships to measures of the general impact of injury on families and maternal and child functioning.

Conclusion: The FBII is a promising tool for measuring the impact of injury-related stressors on the family.

Predoctoral Student, Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine (Burgess)

Chief of Behavioral Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital (Drotar)

Professor, Behavioral Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio (Taylor)

Adjunct Assistant Professor, Pediatrics, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio (Wade)

Associate Professor, Pediatrics, Metro Health Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio (Stancin)

Assistant Professor, Pediatrics, Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio (Yeates)

Address correspondence to: Dennis Drotar, PhD, Division of Behavioral Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-6038.

Supported by Grant MCJ-390611, Maternal and Child Health Bureau (Title V, Social Security Act), Health Resources and Services Administration, Department of Health and Human Services. The authors wish to acknowledge the contributions of Christopher Schat-schneider, PhD, Nori Mercuri Minich, Elizabeth Shaver, and Madeline Polonia. Special thanks to the Rainbow Pediatric Trauma Center at Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital for assistance in sample recruitment.

© 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.