The increased use of health care teams merits further investigation in terms of their impact on patient satisfaction. Patient satisfaction and patient experience generally have come front-and-center given trends within the health care industry around “patient-centered care” and “consumer engagement.”
This review examines research published between 2000 and 2017 that includes analysis of potential team–patient satisfaction linkages, taking the conceptual perspective that both the mere presence of health care teams and specific team features like cohesion may each be impactful.
A systematic, PRISMA-guided literature review across four databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Business Source Complete, and ScienceDirect) to examine potential team–patient satisfaction linkages in the existing team literature was performed.
In-depth review of 24 relevant studies found the following: (a) The extant literature examining the team–patient satisfaction relationship currently suffers from limitations around study design, construct definition, and variable operationalization, which render less confidence overall in the body of work, and (b) despite the limitations, extant work does suggest that there may be instances where the presence of a health care team does favorably impact patient satisfaction.
Future research should attend to several issues related to study design improvements, more precise operationalization and measurement of both teams and patient satisfaction, expansion of focus beyond patient satisfaction within the same study, and inclusion of more ambulatory care delivery settings in team–satisfaction research.
Timothy Hoff, PhD, is Professor of Management, Healthcare Systems, and Health Policy, D’Amore-McKim School of Business, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts; Visiting Scholar, Said Business School, Oxford University, United Kingdom; and Visiting Associate Fellow, Green-Templeton College, Oxford University, United Kingdom. E-mail: t.hoff@Northeastern.edu.
Kathryn Prout, is Doctor of Pharmacy Student, School of Pharmacy, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts.
Shannon Carabetta, BS, is Doctor of Pharmacy Student, School of Pharmacy, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts.
The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationship with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.