As financial pressures on hospitals increase because of changing reimbursement structures and heightened focus on quality and value, the association between patient safety performance and financial outcomes remains unclear.
The purpose of this study is to investigate if hospitals with higher patient safety performance are associated with higher levels of profitability than those with lower safety performance.
Using multinomial logistic regression, we analyzed data from the spring 2014 Leapfrog Hospital Safety Score and the 2014 American Hospital Association to determine the association between Leapfrog Hospital Safety Score performance and three dimensions of organizational profitability: operating margin, net patient revenue, and operating income.
Our findings suggest that improved hospital safety scores are associated with a relative risk of being in the top versus bottom quartile of financial performance: 5.41 times greater (p < .001) for operating margin, 10.98 times greater (p < .001) for net patient revenue, and 4.03 times greater (p < .001) for operating income.
Our findings suggest that improved patient safety performance, as evaluated within the Leapfrog Hospital Safety Score, is associated with improved financial performance at the hospital level. Targeted focus on patient safety may allow hospitals to improve financial performance, maximize scarce resources, and generate additional capital to continue to positively evolve care.