A predictive, nonexperimental design was used to test Kanter's1 work empowerment theory in a random sample of 412 staff nurses selected from the professional registry list of a central Canadian province. Kanter argues that work environments that provide access to information, support, resources, and opportunity to learn and develop are empowering and influence employee work attitudes, productivity, and organizational effectiveness. Test results suggest that fostering environments that enhance perceptions of empowerment will have positive effects on organizational members and increase organizational effectiveness.
Heather K. Spence Laschinger, R.N., Ph.D., is Professor and Associate Director Nursing Research, School of Nursing, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.
Joan Finegan, Ph.D., is Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.
Judith Shamian, R.N., Ph.D., is Executive Director of Nursing Policy, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.