The aortas of 14 pregnant bitches were treated 1 to 3 weeks before term, producing a stricture that reduced the lumen from an average normal of 7-11 mm to 2.1 mm in diameter. Nine animals developed hypertension, 3 had significant proteinuria, and 1 had fluid retention. Light microscopy revealed moderate or severe glomerular lesions in 9 animals characterized by endothelial cell swelling, mesangial cell proliferation, and focal basement membrane thickening; electron microscopy revealed mesangial enlargement and electron-dense deposits. Immunofluoreseence with rabbit anti-dog fibrinogen showed glomerular deposition of fibrinogen or its breakdown products in 11 of 12 cases so studied. Focal necrosis was seen in the liver in 5 cases, and diffuse hemurrhagic infarction of the placenta was present in all animals. None of these changes was found in nonpregnant or in sham-operated controls.
© 1976 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists