Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pediatrics and the California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative, Stanford University, Stanford, and the Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and the Berkeley Institute for Data Science, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California.
Corresponding author: Stephanie A. Leonard, PhD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA; email: [email protected].
Financial Disclosure The authors did not report any potential conflicts of interest.
Funding for this work was provided in part by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Development (F32 HD091945), National Institute for Nursing Research (R01 NR017020), and the Stanford Maternal and Child Health Research Institute.
The authors thank Kristi Pollard for reviewing the ICD-10-CM comorbidity diagnosis codes used in this study, and the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development and the California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative for providing the patient discharge data.
Each author has confirmed compliance with the journal's requirements for authorship.
Peer reviews and author correspondence are available at https://links.lww.com/AOG/B997.