To compare prolapse recurrence after total vaginal hysterectomy with uterosacral ligament suspension to recurrence after supracervical hysterectomy with mesh sacrocervicopexy for the primary management of uterovaginal prolapse.
We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women undergoing uterovaginal prolapse repair at an academic center from 2009 to 2019. Women who underwent vaginal hysterectomy with uterosacral ligament suspension or laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy with mesh sacrocervicopexy were included. The primary outcome was composite prolapse recurrence (prolapse beyond the hymen or retreatment with pessary or surgery). Secondary outcomes included mesh complications, time to recurrence, and overall reoperation for either prolapse recurrence or mesh complication. We used propensity scoring with a 2:1 ratio of sacrocervicopexy to uterosacral suspension.
The cohort consisted of 654 patients, of whom 228 (34.9%) underwent uterosacral suspension and 426 (65.1%) underwent sacrocervicopexy. The median follow-up was longer for the sacrocervicopexy group (230 vs 126 days, P<.001) and less than 1 year for both groups. The uterosacral group had a greater proportion of composite prolapse recurrence (14.9% [34/228] vs 8.7% [37/426], P=.02) and retreatment for recurrent prolapse (7.5% [17/228] vs 2.8% [12/426], P=.02). The uterosacral group demonstrated a shorter time to prolapse recurrence on multivariable Cox regression (hazard ratio 3.14, 95% CI 1.90–5.16). There were 14 (3.3%) mesh complications in the sacrocervicopexy group. Overall reoperation was similar between groups (4.8% [11/228] vs 3.8% [16/426], P=.51).
Total vaginal hysterectomy with uterosacral ligament suspension was associated with higher rate of, and shorter time-to-prolapse recurrence compared with supracervical hysterectomy with mesh sacrocervicopexy.