Women with germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations have a lifetime risk of ovarian cancer of up to 46%. Opportunistic salpingectomy has been advocated as a risk-reducing strategy owing to increasing recognition of tubal origin, yet evidence of efficacy in this high-risk population is limited.
This is the case of a woman with a BRCA1 mutation who underwent prophylactic mastectomy and bilateral salpingectomy with ovarian retention before the age of 40 years. She did not undergo oophorectomy and subsequently developed stage IV high-grade serous ovarian cancer 4 years after her initial surgery.
More research is needed to determine the role of prophylactic salpingectomy with delayed oophorectomy, optimal timing of completion oophorectomy, and the risks and benefits compared with up-front risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy.