Inherited thrombophilias are associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism and have been linked to adverse outcomes in pregnancy. However, there is limited evidence to guide screening for and management of these conditions in pregnancy. The purpose of this document is to review common thrombophilias and their association with maternal venous thromboembolism risk and adverse pregnancy outcomes, indications for screening to detect these conditions, and management options in pregnancy. This Practice Bulletin has been revised to provide additional information on recommendations for candidates for thrombophilia evaluation, updated consensus guidelines regarding the need for prophylaxis in women with an inherited thrombophilia during pregnancy and the postpartum period, and discussion of new published consensus guidelines from the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology addressing thromboprophylaxis and neuraxial anesthetic considerations in the obstetric population.
This information is designed as an educational resource to aid clinicians in providing obstetric and gynecologic care, and use of this information is voluntary. This information should not be considered as inclusive of all proper treatments or methods of care or as a statement of the standard of care. It is not intended to substitute for the independent professional judgment of the treating clinician. Variations in practice may be warranted when, in the reasonable judgment of the treating clinician, such course of action is indicated by the condition of the patient, limitations of available resources, or advances in knowledge or technology. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists reviews its publications regularly; however, its publications may not reflect the most recent evidence. Any updates to this document can be found on www.acog.org or by calling the ACOG Resource Center.
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Full-text document published online on June 25, 2018.
For a comprehensive overview of these recommendations, the full-text version of this Practice Bulletin is available athttp://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000002703.
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Copyright 2018 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, posted on the Internet, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission from the publisher.
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Inherited thrombophilias in pregnancy. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 197. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol 2018;132:e18–34.
Committee on Practice Bulletins–Obstetrics. This Practice Bulletin was developed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Practice Bulletins—Obstetrics with the assistance of Torri D. Metz, MD, and Neil S. Silverman, MD.