We implemented a hysterectomy-specific surgical site infection prevention bundle after a higher-than-expected surgical site infection rate was identified at our institution. We evaluate how this bundle affected the surgical site infection rate, length of hospital stay, and 30-day postoperative readmission rate.
This is a quality improvement study featuring retrospective analysis of a prospectively implemented, multidisciplinary team-designed surgical site infection prevention bundle that consisted of chlorhexidine-impregnated preoperative wipes, standardized aseptic surgical preparation, standardized antibiotic dosing, perioperative normothermia, surgical dressing maintenance, and direct feedback to clinicians when the protocol was breached.
There were 2,099 hysterectomies completed during the 33-month study period. There were 61 surgical site infections (4.51%) in the pre–full bundle implementation period and 14 (1.87%) in the post–full bundle implementation period; we found a sustained reduction in the proportion of patients experiencing surgical site infection during the last 8 months of the study period. After adjusting for clinical characteristics, patients who underwent surgery after full implementation were less likely to develop a surgical site infection (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 0.46, P=.01) than those undergoing surgery before full implementation. Multivariable regression analysis showed no statistically significant difference in postoperative days of hospital stay (adjusted mean ratio 0.95, P=.09) or rate of readmission for surgical site infection-specific indication (adjusted OR 2.65, P=.08) between the before and after full-bundle implementation periods.
The multidisciplinary implementation of a gynecologic perioperative surgical site infection prevention bundle was associated with a significant reduction in surgical site infection rate in patients undergoing hysterectomy.